An ECG or electrocardiogram tests for problems with the electrical activity of the heart. Tracings are printed out and describe how well the electrical system, which causes the heart to contract and pump blood to the lungs and the rest of the body is functioning. The vet can see by the spikes and dips in the recording whether or not heart disease is present.
Ultrasound is commonly used in both human and animal medicine today, and considered a safer alternative to radiation whenever appropriate. Using high frequency sound waves to create an image, it allow veterinarians to visualize structures inside the body. It useful for detecting fluid, cysts, tumours or abscesses, and for assessing organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, prostate, uterus, bladder & spleen. It is also used for detecting pregnancy and assessing health of the developing foetus.
Endoscopy is considered a non surgical procedure and requires an anaesthetic. A small flexible tube with a light and camera attached is passed through the mouth and throat allowing the vet to view the health of the oesophagus, stomach and upper intestine. An accompanying screen reflects the image.
A tonometer is used as part of our ophthalmological examination, it accurately measures intraocular pressure. The test is neither uncomfortable or invasive. A light probe making momentary contact with the cornea gives a measurement for the vet to assess glaucoma. Changes in intraocular pressure are associated with and secondary to many other eye diseases and health problems. It is a test that is both simple and inexpensive, and can allow treatments to be commenced that may prevent blindness and pain before they become an advanced condition for your pet.